apt mirror #5

Supports: bionic
Add to new model

Description

A small tool that provides ability to mirror any parts (or even all) of Debian and Ubuntu GNU/Linux distributions or any other apt sources which typically provided by open source developers.


Apt Mirror

Description

A small tool that provides ability to mirror any parts (or even all) of Debian and Ubuntu GNU/Linux distributions or any other apt sources which typically are provided by open source developers.

Usage

Deployment

The charm can be deployed using Juju:

juju deploy cs:apt-mirror

The charm can handle arbitrary set of upstream DEB sources via setting mirror-list. Example below shows a bundle with this charm configured to mirror multiple Ubuntu series (Bionic and Focal) in a single repository and expose this repository via NGINX. Additionally PPAs and external repositories can be mirrored.

series: bionic
machines:
  '0':
    series: bionic
services:
  nginx:
    charm: cs:~majduk/nginx
    expose: true
    num_units: 1
    to:
    - '0'
  apt-mirror:
    charm: cs:~majduk/apt-mirror
    expose: true
    num_units: 1
    options:
      mirror-list: |-
        deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic main restricted universe multiverse
        deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
        deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
        deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
        deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal main restricted universe multiverse
        deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
        deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
        deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security main restricted universe multiverse
    to:
    - '0'
relations:
- - nginx
  - apt-mirror

The repository needs to be exposed over HTTP using some web server. In the example above, Nginx charmed HTTP server is used to expose the repository.

Repository consumption

The clients can be pointed to the repository by simply updating the /etc/apt/sources.list file to point to the repository, for example repo.example.com:

deb http://repo.example.com/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://repo.example.com/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://repo.example.com/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://repo.example.com/security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security main restricted universe multiverse

Additional notes: - The repository can be consumed by units deploed by MAAS. Please refer to MAAS documentation for the detailed MAAS configuration options. - The repository can be consumed by Juju deployed models. Please refer to the discourse on offline deployment strategies and Juju documentation for more details. In order to use the repository from the Juju model level, simplistic approach is just to use Juju model apt-mirror config option and install-sources config options for the charms being used.

Repository management

The repository exposes single, selected snapshot to the clients. After the repository is deployed, it is necessary to pull the upstream packages to the repository:

juju run-action apt-mirror/0 synchronize

When the action execution completes (depending on the configured mirror list and available bandwidth, it can take a considerable amount of time), snapshot can be created:

juju run-action --wait apt-mirror/0 create-snapshot

Output of the action contains the created snapshot name, for example snapshot-20210329092856.

This snapshot can in turn be published to be used by the clients:

juju run-action --wait apt-mirror/0 publish-snapshot name=snapshot-20210329092856

Full list of available snapshots can be obtained by running:

juju run-action --wait apt-mirror/0 list-snapshots

Currently published snapshot is shown in juju status.

Repository can be synchronized with the upstream multiple times and multiple snapshots can be created. It's possible to expose any arbitrary snapshot, making it possible to fine tune the packages available to the repository cilents.

The repository allows also specifying a Cron job via cron-schedule option, to regularily, automatically sync to the upstream to make sure the repository tracks upstream at a certain delay. To expose the latest packages to the clients, snapshot still needs to be created and published.

Developing

Create and activate a virtualenv, and install the development requirements,

virtualenv -p python3 venv
source venv/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements-dev.txt

Testing

Just run run_tests:

./run_tests

Configuration

architecture
(string) Architecture(s) to mirror.
amd64
base-path
(string) Repository base path.
/var/spool/apt-mirror
cron-schedule
(string) The cron tab time entry for automatic synchronisation.
None
mirror-list
(string) A list of repositories to mirror.
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic main restricted universe multiverse
strip-mirror-name
(boolean) Strip upstream mirror name from repo paths in the snapshots.
strip-mirror-path
(string) Strip upstream mirror path component in the snapshots.
None
threads
(int) Number of download threads.
20
use-proxy
(boolean) Use model juju-http(s)-proxy settings if provided.
True