hive #1

Supports: precise

Add to new model

Description

Data warehouse infrastructure built on top of Hadoop
. Hive is a data warehouse infrastructure built on top of Hadoop that
provides tools to enable easy data summarization, adhoc querying and
analysis of large datasets data stored in Hadoop files. It provides a
mechanism to put structure on this data and it also provides a simple
query language called Hive QL which is based on SQL and which enables
users familiar with SQL to query this data. At the same time, this
language also allows traditional map/reduce programmers to be able to
plug in their custom mappers and reducers to do more sophisticated
analysis which may not be supported by the built-in capabilities of
the language.


Overview

Data warehouse infrastructure built on top of Hadoop.

Hive is a data warehouse infrastructure built on top of Hadoop that
provides tools to enable easy data summarization, adhoc querying and
analysis of large datasets data stored in Hadoop files. It provides a
mechanism to put structure on this data and it also provides a simple
query language called Hive QL which is based on SQL and which enables
users familiar with SQL to query this data. At the same time, this
language also allows traditional map/reduce programmers to be able to
plug in their custom mappers and reducers to do more sophisticated
analysis which may not be supported by the built-in capabilities of
the language.

Hive provides:

  • HiveQL - An SQL dialect language for querying data in a RDBMS fashion
  • UDF/UDAF/UDTF (User Defined [Aggregate/Table] Functions) - Allows user to create custom Map/Reduce based functions for regular use
  • Ability to do joins (inner/outer/semi) between tables
  • Support (limited) for sub-queries
  • Support for table 'Views'
  • Ability to partition data into Hive partitions or buckets to enable faster querying
  • Hive Web Interface - A web interface to Hive
  • Hive Server - Supports querying using Thrift, JDBC and ODBC clients
  • Hive Metastore - Ability to run a separate Metadata storage process
  • Hive cli - A Hive commandline that supports HiveQL

See http://hive.apache.org for more information.

This charm provides the Hive Server and Metastore roles which form part of an
overall Hive deployment.

Usage

A Hive deployment consists of a Hive service, a RDBMS (only MySQL is currently
supported), an optional Metastore service and a Hadoop cluster.

To deploy a simple four node Hadoop cluster (see Hadoop charm README for further
information)::

juju deploy hadoop hadoop-master juju deploy hadoop hadoop-slavecluster juju add-unit -n 2 hadoop-slavecluster juju add-relation hadoop-master:namenode hadoop-slavecluster:datanode juju add-relation hadoop-master:jobtracker hadoop-slavecluster:tasktracker

A Hive server stores metadata in MySQL::

juju deploy mysql

Please read Known Issues 1. below before proceeding further

To deploy a Hive service without a Metastore service::

# deploy Hive instance juju deploy hive hive-server # associate Hive with MySQL juju add-relation hive-server:db mysql:db

Please read Known Issues 2. below before proceeding further

# associate Hive with HDFS Namenode juju add-relation hive-server:namenode hadoop-master:namenode # associate Hive with Jobtracker juju add-relation hive-server:jobtracker hadoop-master:jobtracker

To deploy a Hive service with a Metastore service::

# deploy Metastore instance juju deploy hive hive-metastore # associate Metastore with MySQL juju add-relation hive-metastore:db mysql:db

Please read Known Issues 2. below before proceeding further

# associate Metastore with Namenode juju add-relation hive-metastore:namenode hadoop-master:namenode

# deploy Hive instance juju deploy hive hive-server # associate Hive with Metastore juju add-relation hive-server:server hive-metastore:metastore # associate Hive with Namenode juju add-relation hive-server:namenode hadoop-master:namenode # associate Hive with Jobtracker juju add-relation hive-server:jobtracker hadoop-master:jobtracker

Further Hive service units may be deployed::

juju add-unit hive-server

This currently only works when using a Metastore service.

Known Issues

  1. The current MySQL Charm does not alter the binlog format to 'ROW' (nor can
    the binlog be disabled) so attempting to use Hive will result in a nasty error
    message of::

'Cannot execute statement: impossible to write to binary log since BINLOG_FORMAT = STATEMENT and at least one table uses a storage engine limited to row-based logging. InnoDB is limited to row-logging when transaction isolation level is READ COMMITTED or READ UNCOMMITTED.'

The current solution is to ssh into a MySQL charm machine and manually set the
binlog format::

sudo bash -c 'echo "binlog_format = ROW" >> /etc/mysql/conf.d/binlog.cnf' sudo service mysql restart

This should be done after deploying the MySQL charm.

  1. The current MySQL Charm creates a database using 'utf8' encoding, which
    will give you the following error with Hive::

'MetaException(message:Got exception: javax.jdo.JDODataStoreException An exception was thrown while adding/validating class(es) : Specified key was too long; max key length is 767 bytes'

The current solution is drop the database and recreate it (to use 'latin1'
encoding)::

mysql -u root -pcat /var/lib/juju/mysql.passwd -e 'drop database <name>; \ create database <name>;'

where '' is the service name, either 'hive-server' or 'hive-metastore'.

This should be done after you have associated Hive with the database.


Configuration

heap
(int) The maximum heap size in MB to allocate for daemons processes within the service units managed by this charm.
1024
source
(string) Location and packages to install hive: . * dev: Install using the hive packages from ppa:hadoop-ubuntu/dev. * testing: Install using the hive packages from ppa:hadoop-ubuntu/testing. * stable: Install using the hive packages from ppa:hadoop-ubuntu/stable. . The packages provided in the hadoop-ubuntu team PPA's are based directly on upstream hive releases but are not fully built from source.
stable