This charm can grant select permissions to instances of applications related to it which enable integration with OpenStack specific features, such as firewalls, load balancing, block storage, object storage, etc.
This charm acts as a proxy to OpenStack and provides an interface to provide a set of credentials for a somewhat limited project user to the applications that are related to this charm.
When on OpenStack, this charm can be deployed, granted trust via Juju to access OpenStack, and then related to an application that supports the interface.
For example, CDK has support for this, and can be deployed with the following bundle overlay:
applications: openstack-integrator: charm: cs:~containers/openstack-integrator num_units: 1 relations: - ['openstack-integrator', 'kubernetes-master'] - ['openstack-integrator', 'kubernetes-worker']
Using Juju 2.4-beta1 or later:
juju deploy cs:canonical-kubernetes --overlay ./k8s-openstack-overlay.yaml juju trust openstack-integrator
To deploy with earlier versions of Juju, you will need to provide the cloud
credentials via the
credentials, charm config options.
Resource Usage Note
By relating to this charm, other charms can directly allocate resources, such as PersistentDisk volumes and Load Balancers, which could lead to cloud charges and count against quotas. Because these resources are not managed by Juju, they will not be automatically deleted when the models or applications are destroyed, nor will they show up in Juju's status or GUI. It is therefore up to the operator to manually delete these resources when they are no longer needed, using the OpenStack console or API.
Following are some examples using OpenStack integration with CDK.
Creating a pod with a PersistentDisk-backed volume
This script creates a busybox pod with a persistent volume claim backed by OpenStack's PersistentDisk.
#!/bin/bash # create a storage class using the `kubernetes.io/cinder` provisioner kubectl create -f - <<EOY apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1 kind: StorageClass metadata: name: openstack-standard provisioner: kubernetes.io/cinder EOY # create a persistent volume claim using that storage class kubectl create -f - <<EOY kind: PersistentVolumeClaim apiVersion: v1 metadata: name: testclaim spec: accessModes: - ReadWriteOnce resources: requests: storage: 100Mi storageClassName: openstack-standard EOY # create the busybox pod with a volume using that PVC: kubectl create -f - <<EOY apiVersion: v1 kind: Pod metadata: name: busybox namespace: default spec: containers: - image: busybox command: - sleep - "3600" imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent name: busybox volumeMounts: - mountPath: "/pv" name: testvolume restartPolicy: Always volumes: - name: testvolume persistentVolumeClaim: claimName: testclaim EOY
Creating a service with a OpenStack load-balancer
The following script starts the hello-world pod behind a OpenStack-backed load-balancer.
#!/bin/bash kubectl run hello-world --replicas=5 --labels="run=load-balancer-example" --image=gcr.io/google-samples/node-hello:1.0 --port=8080 kubectl expose deployment hello-world --type=LoadBalancer --name=hello watch kubectl get svc -o wide --selector=run=load-balancer-example
- (string) The URL of the keystone API used to authenticate. On OpenStack control panels, this can be found at Access and Security > API Access > Credentials.
- (string) Used to override automatic version detection for block storage usage. Valid values are v1, v2, v3 and auto. When auto is specified automatic detection will select the highest supported version exposed by the underlying OpenStack cloud. If not set, will use the upstream default.
- (string) The base64-encoded contents of a JSON file containing OpenStack credentials. The credentials must contain the following keys: auth-url, username, password, project-name, user-domain-name, and project-domain-name. It could also contain a base64-encoded CA certificate in endpoint-tls-ca key value. This can be used from bundles with 'include-base64://' (see https://jujucharms.com/docs/stable/charms-bundles#setting-charm-configurations-options-in-a-bundle), or from the command-line with 'juju config openstack credentials="$(base64 /path/to/file)"'. It is strongly recommended that you use 'juju trust' instead, if available.
- (string) A CA certificate that can be used to verify the target cloud API endpoints. Use 'include-base64://' in a bundle to include a certificate. Otherwise, pass a base64-encoded certificate (base64 of "-----BEGIN" to "-----END") as a config option in a Juju CLI invocation.
- (string) If set, it will be passed to integrated workloads to indicate that floating IPs should be created in the given network for load balancers that those workloads manage. For example, this will determine whether and where FIPs will be created by Kubernetes for LoadBalancer type services in the cluster.
- (boolean) Used to influence availability zone use when attaching Cinder volumes. When Nova and Cinder have different availability zones, this should be set to true. This is most commonly the case where there are many Nova availability zones but only one Cinder availability zone. If not set, will use the upstream default.
- (string) If set, this charm will assign a floating IP in this network (name or ID) for load balancers created for other charms related on the loadbalancer endpoint.
- (string) Algorithm that will be used by load balancers, which must be one of: ROUND_ROBIN, LEAST_CONNECTIONS, SOURCE_IP. This applies both to load balancers managed by this charm for applications related via the loadbalancer endpoint, as well as to load balancers managed by integrated workloads, such as Kubernetes.
- (int) Port to use for load balancers created by this charm for other charms related on the loadbalancer endpoint.
- (string) Override the subnet (name or ID) in which this charm will create load balancers for other charms related on the loadbalancer endpoint. If not set, the subnet over which the requesting application is related will be used.
- (boolean) Whether or not each load balancer should have its own security group, or if all load balancers should use the default security group for the project. This applies both to load balancers managed by this charm for applications related via the loadbalancer endpoint, as well as to load balancers managed by integrated workloads, such as Kubernetes.
- (string) Password of a valid user set in keystone.
- (string) Name of the project domain where you want to create your resources.
- (string) Name of project where you want to create your resources.
- (string) Name of the region where you want to create your resources.
- (string) DEPRECATED. Use snap-http-proxy and snap-https-proxy model configuration settings. HTTP/HTTPS web proxy for Snappy to use when accessing the snap store.
- (string) DEPRECATED. Use snap-store-proxy model configuration setting. The address of a Snap Store Proxy to use for snaps e.g. http://snap-proxy.example.com
- (string) How often snapd handles updates for installed snaps. The default (an empty string) is 4x per day. Set to "max" to check once per month based on the charm deployment date. You may also set a custom string as described in the 'refresh.timer' section here: https://forum.snapcraft.io/t/system-options/87
- (string) If set, it will be passed to integrated workloads to indicate in what subnet load balancers should be created. For example, this will determine what subnet Kubernetes uses for LoadBalancer type services in the cluster.
- (boolean) In most scenarios the block device names provided by Cinder (e.g. /dev/vda) can not be trusted. This boolean toggles this behavior. Setting it to true results in trusting the block device names provided by Cinder. The value of false results in the discovery of the device path based on its serial number and /dev/disk/by-id mapping and is the recommended approach. If not set, will use the upstream default.
- (string) Name of the user domain where you want to create your resources.
- (string) Username of a valid user set in keystone.