Deploy the Kubernetes e2e framework and validate the conformance of a
deployed kubernetes cluster
Kubernetes end to end
End-to-end (e2e) tests for Kubernetes provide a mechanism to test end-to-end
behavior of the system, and is the last signal to ensure end user operations
match developer specifications. Although unit and integration tests provide a
good signal, in a distributed system like Kubernetes it is not uncommon that a
minor change may pass all unit and integration tests, but cause unforeseen
changes at the system level.
The primary objectives of the e2e tests are to ensure a consistent and reliable
behavior of the kubernetes code base, and to catch hard-to-test bugs before
users do, when unit and integration tests are insufficient.
To deploy the end-to-end test suite, it is best to deploy the
and then relate the
juju deploy kubernetes-core juju deploy cs:~containers/kubernetes-e2e juju add-relation kubernetes-e2e:kube-control kubernetes-master:kube-control juju add-relation kubernetes-e2e:kubernetes-master kubernetes-master:kube-api-endpoint juju add-relation kubernetes-e2e easyrsa
Once the relations have settled, and the
kubernetes-e2e charm reports
Ready to test. - you may kick off an end to end validation test.
Running the e2e test
The e2e test is encapsulated as an action to ensure consistent runs of the
end to end test. The defaults are sensible for most deployments.
juju run-action kubernetes-e2e/0 test
Tuning the e2e test
The e2e test is configurable. By default it will focus on or skip the declared
conformance tests in a cloud agnostic way. Default behaviors are configurable.
This allows the operator to test only a subset of the conformance tests, or to
test more behaviors not enabled by default. You can see all tunable options on
the charm by inspecting the schema output of the actions:
$ juju actions kubernetes-e2e --format=yaml --schema test: description: Run end-to-end validation test suite properties: focus: default: \[Conformance\] description: Regex focus for executing the test type: string skip: default: \[Flaky\] description: Regex of tests to skip type: string timeout: default: 30000 description: Timeout in nanoseconds type: integer title: test type: object
As an example, you can run a more limited set of tests for rapid validation of
a deployed cluster. The following example will skip the
Feature labeled tests:
juju run-action kubernetes-e2e/0 test skip='\[(Flaky|Slow|Feature:.*)\]'
Note: the escaping of the regex due to how bash handles brackets.
To see the different types of tests the Kubernetes end-to-end charm has access
to, we encourage you to see the upstream documentation on the different types
of tests, and to strongly understand what subsets of the tests you are running.
More information on end-to-end testing
Along with the above descriptions, end-to-end testing is a much larger subject
than this readme can encapsulate. There is far more information in the
end-to-end testing guide.
Evaluating end-to-end results
It is not enough to just simply run the test. Result output is stored in two
places. The raw output of the e2e run is available in the
command, as well as a flat file on disk on the
kubernetes-e2e unit that
executed the test.
Note: The results will only be available once the action has
completed the test run. End-to-end testing can be quite time intensive. Often
times taking greater than 1 hour, depending on configuration.
$ juju run-action kubernetes-e2e/0 test Action queued with id: 4ceed33a-d96d-465a-8f31-20d63442e51b $ juju scp kubernetes-e2e/0:4ceed33a-d96d-465a-8f31-20d63442e51b.log .
Action result output
$ juju run-action kubernetes-e2e/0 test Action queued with id: 4ceed33a-d96d-465a-8f31-20d63442e51b $ juju show-action-output 4ceed33a-d96d-465a-8f31-20d63442e51b
The e2e test suite assumes egress network access. It will pull container
gcr.io. You will need to have this registry unblocked in your
firewall to successfully run e2e test results. Or you may use the exposed
proxy settings properly configured
on the kubernetes-worker units.
- (string) Snap channel to install Kubernetes snaps from
- (string) DEPRECATED. Use snap-http-proxy and snap-https-proxy model configuration settings. HTTP/HTTPS web proxy for Snappy to use when accessing the snap store.
- (string) DEPRECATED. Use snap-store-proxy model configuration setting. The address of a Snap Store Proxy to use for snaps e.g. http://snap-proxy.example.com
- (string) How often snapd handles updates for installed snaps. The default (an empty string) is 4x per day. Set to "max" to check once per month based on the charm deployment date. You may also set a custom string as described in the 'refresh.timer' section here: https://forum.snapcraft.io/t/system-options/87