zookeeper #21

Supports: xenial

Description

Apache ZooKeeper is a centralized, reliable application for maintaining configuration information, naming, synchronization, and group services. All of these kinds of services are used in some form or another by distributed applications. In order to install and configure Apache HBase and other Hadoop ecosystem components, you need ZooKeeper.


Overview

Apache ZooKeeper is a high-performance coordination service for distributed applications. It exposes common services such as naming, configuration management, synchronization, and group services in a simple interface. Use it off-the-shelf to implement consensus, group management, leader election, and presence protocols.

This charm provides the Zookeeper component of the Apache Bigtop platform.

Deploying

A working Juju installation is assumed to be present. If Juju is not yet set up, please follow the getting-started instructions prior to deploying this charm.

Deploy a Zookeeper unit. With only one unit, the application will be running in standalone mode:

juju deploy zookeeper

Network-Restricted Environments

Charms can be deployed in environments with limited network access. To deploy in this environment, configure a Juju model with appropriate proxy and/or mirror options. See Configuring Models for more information.

Configuring Network Interfaces

In some network environments, zookeeper may need to be restricted to listen for incoming connections on a specific network interface (e.g.: for security reasons). To do so, configure zookeeper with either a network interface name or a CIDR range specifying a subnet. For example:

juju config zookeeper network_interface=eth0
juju config zookeeper network_interface=10.0.2.0/24

Note: The above assumes Juju 2.0 or greater. If using an earlier version of Juju, the syntax is juju set-config zookeeper network_interface=eth0.

Each zookeeper unit in the cluster will lookup the IP address of that network interface, or find the first network interface with an IP address in the specified subnet, and bind Zookeeper to that address.

If a mistake is made and an invalid name for the network interface is configured, recover by re-configuring with the correct name and then run "juju resolved" on any failed units:

juju config zookeeper network_interface=eth0
juju resolved zookeeper/0

Note: The above assumes Juju 2.0 or greater. If using an earlier version of Juju, the syntax is juju set-config zookeeper network_interface=eth0; juju resolved -r zookeeper/0.

To go back to listening on all interfaces, configure zookeeper with network_interface=0.0.0.0:

juju config zookeeper network_interface=0.0.0.0

Note: The above assumes Juju 2.0 or greater. If using an earlier version of Juju, the syntax is juju set-config zookeeper network_interface=0.0.0.0.

Verifying

Status

Apache Bigtop charms provide extended status reporting to indicate when they are ready:

juju status

This is particularly useful when combined with watch to track the on-going progress of the deployment:

watch -n 2 juju status

The message column will provide information about a given unit's state. This charm is ready for use once the status message indicates that it is ready.

Smoke Test

This charm provides a smoke-test action that can be used to verify the application is functioning as expected. Run the action as follows:

juju run-action zookeeper/0 smoke-test

Note: The above assumes Juju 2.0 or greater. If using an earlier version of Juju, the syntax is juju action do zookeeper/0 smoke-test.

Watch the progress of the smoke test actions with:

watch -n 2 juju show-action-status

Note: The above assumes Juju 2.0 or greater. If using an earlier version of Juju, the syntax is juju action status.

Eventually, the action should settle to status: completed. If it reports status: failed, the application is not working as expected. Get more information about a specific smoke test with:

juju show-action-output <action-id>

Note: The above assumes Juju 2.0 or greater. If using an earlier version of Juju, the syntax is juju action fetch <action-id>.

Utilities

This charm includes Zookeeper command line utilities that can also be used to verify that the application is running as expected. Check the status of the Zookeeper daemon with zkServer.sh:

juju run --application=zookeeper '/usr/lib/zookeeper/bin/zkServer.sh status'

A successful deployment will report the service mode as either standalone (if only one Zookeeper unit has been deployed) or leader / follower (if a Zookeeper quorum has been formed).

Scaling

Running ZooKeeper in standalone mode is convenient for evaluation, some development, and testing. In production, however, ZooKeeper should be run in replicated mode. A replicated group of servers in the same application is called a quorum, and in replicated mode, all servers in the quorum have copies of the same configuration file.

In order to add new Zookeeper servers to the quorum, simply add more units. For example, add two more zookeeper units with:

juju add-unit -n 2 zookeeper

The Zookeeper nodes will automatically perform a rolling restart to update the Zookeeper quorum without losing any jobs in progress. Once the rolling restart has completed, all of the Zookeeper nodes should report the following status:

ready (n units)

(Where 'n' is the total number of Zookeeper units in the quorum.)

Integrating

To integrate Zookeeper into solutions with other charms, update the charms that require Zookeeper as follows:

1) Add following lines to metadata.yaml:

requires:
  zookeeper:
     interface: zookeeper

2) Add a zookeeper-relation-changed hook. Example contents:

from charmhelpers.core.hookenv import relation_get
ZK_hostname = relation_get('private-address')
ZK_port = relation_get('port')

Contact Information

Resources


Configuration

network_interface
(string) Network interface to bind the Zookeeper client port to. Defaults to accepting connections on all interfaces. Accepts either the name of an interface (e.g., 'eth0'), or a CIDR range. If the latter, we\'ll bind to the first interface that we find with an IP address in that range.